Sanità internazionale 14 Aprile 2020 13:00

WHO: «Covid-19 is ten times deadlier than swine flu»

The World Health Organisation lists six criteria to be verified when considering lifting restrictions. Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus: «The way down is much slower than the way up»

di Gloria Frezza

Almost two months have passed by since the Covid-19 virus started to spread all around the world. Many countries are facing several hard measures imposed by their governments in order to slow the rush of the disease and save as many lives as they can. However, along with the need of social distancing and “Stay at home” policies, many people and enterprises have started facing economic difficulties. Some countries are now considering the possibility of lifting these restrictions and some of them have already began doing it. For this reason the World Health Organisation has released a list of six criteria governments should keep in mind as they consider to loosen the measures.

«This is a new virus – clarifies the WHO Director General, dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus – and the first pandemic caused by a coronavirus. We know that COVID-19 spreads fast, and we know that it is deadly, 10 times deadlier than the 2009 flu pandemic. We know that the virus can spread more easily in crowded environments like nursing homes. We know that in some countries, cases are doubling every 3 to 4 days».

Then the warning: «However, while COVID-19 accelerates very fast, it decelerates much more slowly. In other words, the way down is much slower than the way up. That means control measures must be lifted slowly, and with control. It cannot happen all at once. Control measures can only be lifted if the right public health measures are in place, including significant capacity for contact tracing».

READ: TO WEAR A MASK OR NOT TO WEAR A MASK, THIS IS THE PROBLEM. HERE’S WHAT THE WHO RECOMMENDS

To help countries to make their decision, WHO wants to provide them with strategic advice the experts have accumulated. These are the criteria countries must verify as they consider lifting restrictions:

1) that transmission is controlled;

2) that health system capacities are in place to detect, test, isolate and treat every case and trace every contact;

3) that outbreak risks are minimized in special settings like health facilities and nursing homes;

4) that preventive measures are in place in workplaces, schools and other places where it’s essential for people to go;

5) that importation risks can be managed;

6) that communities are fully educated, engaged and empowered to adjust to the “new norm”.

As the world goes on in this extremely new situation for all, WHO invites everyone to keep the most vulnerable parts of the society safe. Not all countries are the same, and for those «with large poor populations, the stay-at-home orders and other restrictions used in some high-income countries may not be practical. Many poor people, migrants and refugees are already living in overcrowded conditions with few resources and little access to health care».

«As the pandemic has spread – states dr. Ghebreyesus – its public health and socio-economic impacts have been profound, and have disproportionately affected the vulnerable. Many populations have already experienced a lack of access to routine, essential health services. Our global connectedness means the risk of re-introduction and resurgence of the disease will continue. Ultimately, the development and delivery of a safe and effective vaccine will be needed to fully interrupt transmission».

Articoli correlati
Covid-19 e vaccini: i numeri in Italia e nel mondo
Al 27 ottobre, sono 244.563.381 i casi di Covid-19 in tutto il mondo e 4.965.072 i decessi. Ad oggi, oltre 6,85 miliardi di dosi di vaccino sono state somministrate nel mondo. Mappa elaborata dalla Johns Hopkins CSSE.   I casi in Italia Il bollettino di oggi (27 ottobre): Ad oggi in Italia il totale delle persone […]
SARS-CoV-2, Clerici (Uni Milano): «Evolve in modo non favorevole. Vaccino unica arma che abbiamo»
Una ricerca dell’IRCCS Eugenio Medea e dell’Università degli Studi di Milano ha preso in esame più di 800 mila sequenze di SARS-CoV-2
di Federica Bosco
Varianti coronavirus, l’immunologo Abrignani: «Già al lavoro per nuovi vaccini»
Presentato il Consorzio italiano per la genotipizzazione e fenotipizzazione del virus Sars-CoV-2. Il direttore dell’Istituto nazionale di genetica molecolare del Policlinico di Milano: «La sorveglianza epidemiologica continua dei genomi circolanti nel territorio è fondamentale»
di Federica Bosco
Così Israele guida la corsa alla somministrazione dei vaccini anti Covid-19
Luci e ombre della campagna vaccinale a Tel Aviv: «Ma le scorte si stanno esaurendo»
di Tommaso Caldarelli
Variante inglese, i test rapidi possono riconoscerla?
Alcune domande al Professor Luigi Toma, Infettivologo dell'IFO Regina Elena di Roma, sulla cosiddetta “variante inglese” del SARS-CoV-2
di Vanessa Seffer
GLI ARTICOLI PIU’ LETTI
Non Categorizzato

Covid-19 e vaccini: i numeri in Italia e nel mondo

Al 27 ottobre, sono 244.563.381 i casi di Covid-19 in tutto il mondo e 4.965.072 i decessi. Ad oggi, oltre 6,85 miliardi di dosi di vaccino sono state somministrate nel mondo. Mappa elaborata dalla&nb...
Ecm

Formazione ECM, Sileri: «Tre mesi per recuperare trienni passati, poi controlli e sanzioni a irregolari»

Il sottosegretario alla Salute Pierpaolo Sileri ricorda la scadenza della proroga dei trienni formativi 2014-2016 e 2017-2019 prevista per il 31 dicembre 2021, e chiarisce: «Non ci saranno altre...
Lavoro

Esonero contributivo Enpam, c’è tempo fino al 31 ottobre. Come funziona

Chi può accedere all'esonero contributivo per gli iscritti Enpam che arriva fino a 3mila euro?